Use Levels: 2.0 - 5.0% Solubility:Water Soluble Appearance:Clear to Slightly Hazy, Amber to Orange Liquid
The grapes used to produce FSS Grape Extract HOA are rich in nature’s antioxidants: isoflavones and proanthrocyanins, as well as complex organic acids. The grapes are carefully fermented with L. acidophilus and then selectively extracted to produce a product especially rich in the alphahydroxy acids (AHAs), lactic and malic acid.
These acids produce consumer perceivable skin softening alone with demonstrable natural chemical exfoliation. Lactic acid, perhaps the most clearly documented of the commonly used AHAs, moisturizes the skin both as an integral part of the skins Natural Moisturizing Factor as well as providing significant up regulation of glycosaminoglycans (GAG) synthesis. Studies have also shown that topical application of lactic acid can reverse corticosteroid induced skin atrophy. Some work done by Dr. Peter Derogi’s group in the late 1980’s suggested a strong potential role for lactic acid in evening skin tone. This is perhaps due to the direct inhibition of tyrosinase mRNA formation, or because of the inhibitory effects of higher GAG levels. Malic acid serves to improve the plasticity of the stratum corneum increasing elasticity.
Grapes are one of nature’s prime combatants of oxidative stress. Clearly superior to other fruits such as tomatoes, oranges, or apples, grapes are the strongest source of antioxidants among the fruits and vegetables tested. Significant reductions in cardiovascular disease risk have been associated with moderate consumption of grapes and grape products such as red wine and grape juice. Diets high in saturated fats and smoking are risk factors for heart disease. Yet, the mortality rate from heart disease is relatively low in France despite these lifestyle habits and their frequent consumption of grapes and red wine. Resveratrol became a subject of interest for scientists when found to be present in red wine, leading to speculation as a possible explanation for the "French Paradox”. Some plants produce resveratrol and other stilbenes in response to stress, injury, fungal infection and ultraviolet (UV) radiation.
The rich assortment of phytonutrients found in grapes which include anthrocyanins, flavonoids such as quercetin and kaempferol, saponins and polyphenols such as resveratrol is thought to be responsible for the numerous protective effects on cholesterol metabolism, inflammation, and oxidative stress (free radical activity).
It is very possible that topical application of the grape filtrate, with its proven antioxidant capacity, may help serve to protect the essential fatty acids (EFA) critical to proper barrier function, and skin health. The alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs) along with the mixture of phytonutrients found in grapes all contribute to make FSS Grape Extract HOA an ideal ingredient to deliver the consumer perceivable benefits demanded by today’s consumer at all levels of the cosmetic market.
Storage: Protected from direct light and humidity at a temperature of 50°-77°F (10°-25°C)
Shelf life: 12 months, properly stored, in sealed container.
This product should be added to a formulation at the recommended usage rate