Glycoproteins are composed of both a protein and a carbohydrate (typically a sugar) that are linked via a covalent bond. Glycoproteins are very important structures in mammalian cellular functions, as they enhance solubility, help with membrane orientation, and may help carry blood group determinants. Not only are they important in mammalian cellular functions, but they are also essential in plants as well. Glycoproteins, in combination with phospholipids, allow the body to readily absorb the moisture that is available from the Yerba Santa plant. Sugars tend to be very hydrophilic due to their many –OH groups, but phospholipids, cationic by nature, contain a lipid bilayer where the hydrophobic lipid tail is shielded from the aqueous phase. Phospholipids are useful in assisting molecular transportation through fat-soluble membranes when hydrophilic molecules cannot easily penetrate by themselves.
FSS Cationic Glycoprotein PF has an expanded molecular weight and was run over an ion exchange resin to isolate the proper cationic molecules. An ion exchange is a reversible process where one ion is exchanged from a solution for a similarly charged atom on the attached immobile solid particle. Ion exchange resins can be categorized as cationic, which provide positive mobile ions, or anionic, which provide negative mobile ions. An ion exchange is a very beneficial process because it is extremely efficient in isolating the desired ionic elements; waste products are easily filtered out; it has exceptionally high water recovery; and the resulting molecule is more stable than the original. Cations enhance the tendency of other molecules to bind to the skin because the skin is naturally anionic and opposite charges attract one another.
FSS Cationic Glycoprotein PF is derived from the Eriodictyon californicum, or the Yerba Santa plant. Yerba Santa is an aromatic evergreen shrub with dark, leathery leaves. It is able to capture and hold vast amounts of moisture within its resinous leaves, which allows it to withstand its native arid environment. The technical staff at Active Concepts discovered that fermenting the Yerba Santa leaves with Lactobacillus, or lactic acid bacteria, allows for more efficient isolation of important glycoproteins, as there is no need for heat or solvents. Lactic acid fermentation is commonly used to produce many foods, such as yogurt and cheese, and is the process by which a living cell is able to break down complex sugars into smaller molecules, such as proteins and glycoproteins, without the use of oxygen.
Storage:Protected from direct light and humidity at a temperature of 50°-77°F (10°-25°C)
Shelf life: 12 months, properly stored, in sealed container.
This product should be added to a formulation at the recommended usage rate.