Man has cultivated lemons for so long it is no longer clear when it began. However it is clear that lemons originally were produced in Asia and slowly propagated westward. Researchers debate if lemons were initially produced in the Malay Archipelago or in the Yunnan province of China. Regardless, lemons are widely cultivated. Citrus limonum is one of the world’s most important food crops. The juice from the fruit is widely used as a beverage and as a condiment. The rind is used to produce lemon oil, while the remaining skin and pulp may be used as livestock feed.
The medicinal virtue of lemons, specifically the citron, is clearly evidenced by its Latin name – Citrus medica.
Traditionally in cosmetics, lemons have been used as a source of the alpha-hydroxyacid (AHA) citric acid. Typically lemon juice contains between 5 and 8 percent citric acid. The most obvious medicinal use of lemon was as a source of Vitamin C to prevent scurvy. Owing to its high level of Vitamin C, fresh lemon juice has been recommended in some herbals as a treatment for sunburn, perhaps not the most sensorially pleasing approach, but not without merit. Given its relatively high acid content, coupled with antioxidant activity, it is obvious why lemon juice has been promoted as a natural skin lightener.
As early as 1986 researchers began demonstrating some interesting properties from the peel of the lemon. Kroyer showed that the hesperidin and naringin are principally responsible for the significant antioxidant properties of citrus peel. In 2000, the University of Arizona published a study where they were able to correlate consumption of citrus peel with a reduction in squamous cell carinoma. Coincidentally, Arizona is one of the predominant producers of lemon in the US. Recently a group of researchers in Taiwan, looking to develop a commercial usage for lemon peels, discovered that the peel itself has some potent anti-tyrosinase activity.
Using our traditional biofermentation approach we macerated the lemon and incubated it with Lactobacillus lactis. We then carried out further isolation methods to specifically remove potential allergens such as citral and geraniol. Most skin care formulations today are developed as multifunctional products, often times tackling more than one skin condition at a time.
Balancing skin tone is an important aspect to address when developing cosmetic skin treatments, as is providing an antioxidant rich formulation. As stated previously, the fruit of the lemon has long been used for its, strong anti-oxidant benefits while more recently the peel has been found to possess strong anti-tyrosinase activity. FSS Lemon Peel Extract G in cosmetic and personal care applications is an excellent way to capitalize on the desire for using botanical ingredients while also helping to balance skin tone.
Efficacy testing confirms that FSS Lemon Peel Extract G is a natural and effective alternative to hydroquinone for inhibiting tyrosinase production. Using FSS Lemon Peel Extract G in cosmetic and personal care applications is an excellent way to capitalize on the desire for using botanicals ingredients while also helping to balance skin tone.
Storage: Protected from direct light and humidity at a temperature of 50°-77°F (10°-25°C)
Shelf life: 12 months, properly stored, in sealed container.
This product should be added to a formulation at the recommended usage rate